Herein is a working list of my own personal list of first principles by which I attempt to measure all else.
1. The same thing cannot be affirmed and denied at the same time
2. Nothing comes from Nothing
a) We exist. “I reflect therefore I am.” (Cartesian Dualism)
b) The universe exists.
c) The Universe did not necessarily have to exist. (Cosmological Argument from Contingency)
d) But the universe does exist, and observations of the universe must be compatible with the conscious and sapient life that observes it. (Anthropic Principle)
e) Everything must have a reason or a cause. (Principle of Sufficient Reason)
- The Universe Began to Exist (Confirmed by the scientific evidence) (2.a.)
- Anything That Has a Beginning Must Be Caused By Something Else (Affirmed by the Principal of Causality) (2)
- Therefore, the Universe Must Have a Cause (Inferred from the Principal of Causality) (2.e.)
- The First Cause Must Be Eternal and Uncaused (Declared by definition) (3.a.)
- The Cause is God (Offered as the most reasonable uncaused first cause, Occam's razor) (3.b.-d.)
Note: this is the opposite of an argument against a god creating the universe. This states that the universe, life and consciousness simply could not have come from "nothing" the something that was required to make something from the nothing was the unmoved prime mover - God.
3. There is/are a creator (G)god(s)
4. Natural Moral law exists and is written into the spirit of all men in all time
Right and Wrong are written into the spirits of all men in all times, The law of human nature (C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity, ch. 1-3.)
a) Good is to be done and pursued and evil avoided, Summa Theologiae, 1-2, question 94, article 2. Question 90
b) “True law is right reason in agreement with nature. It is of universal application, unchanging, everlasting. We cannot be freed from it by Senate or people. This law is not one thing at Rome and another at Athens, but is eternal and immutable, valid for all nations and for all times. God is the Author of it, its promulgator, and its enforcing judge. Whoever is disobedient to it is abandoning his true self and denying his own nature.” Cicero, De Republica, 3.22
I. There is/are a creator (G)god(s), natural law exists therefore universal truth exists.
II. Natural law exists, universal truth exists, therefore right and wrong, good and evil exist.
5. Imperfection Abounds
a) Man is flawed and not good, unholy by nature.
b) Human nature suffers irremediably from certain faults. Man being imperfect, no perfect social order ever can be created. Because of human restlessness, mankind would grow rebellious under any utopian domination, and would break out once more in violent discontent—or else expire of boredom
c) If the old institutional and moral safeguards of a nation are forgotten, then the anarchic impulses in man break loose: “the ceremony of innocence is drowned.”
6. There exists a Transcendent Order
a) Three rights existed since man’s appearance in the universe (life, liberty and property), natural rights.
b) The Creator is the source of rights (life, liberty and property), natural rights.
c) No other natural right exists than life liberty and property.
d) Natural Rights exist independent of and despite any and all governments constructed by man.
I. The Creator is the source or rights (Natural Rights) and the Creator wrote Natural Law into the spirits of men, therefore governments formed by men should operate under the Natural Moral Law in the formation of Civil Law and actions (3.b.).
II. Natural Rights presaged the existence of all government, Government is an association of peoples for the purpose of collectively protecting natural Rights, therefore, it is unjust for any government to do what an individual does not have the right to do. (5.c. and Frederic Bastiat, The Law)
7. Social Continuity is Good
a) The natural family has existed throughout man’s history.
b) The natural family has been good (4.a.) for the propagation of the human race.
c) The natural family has formed the basis of social community.
d) The natural family and organic social communities have proven invaluable in passing tradition, culture and knowledge from one generation to the next.
e) The natural family and organic social community have protected natural rights.
f) The natural family, and organic social communities have acquired wisdom over the ages that can surpass reason.
g) Organic social community is the best foundation for good government (4.a.) that respects natural rights and the natural moral law.
h) The human condition has achieved the greatest happiness, safety and longevity through prudence.
I. The natural family has formed the basis of organic societal community, the natural family and organic communities have passed wisdom through generations (7.d.), therefore the natural family is good (4.a.).
II. Organic social community is the best foundation for good government, the natural family and organic social communities have amassed wisdom over time, therefore good government respects the words, thought and actions of its ancestors.
III. Organic social community is the best foundation for good government, the human condition has achieved the greatest happiness, safety and longevity through prudence. Therefore, good government is a prudent government that judges measures by their long-term consequences rather than short-term gains or popularity.
10. Variety is Good
a) The universe is filled with diversity and difference from the subatomic to the biological level.
b) Mankind has flourished over millennia via diverse cultures, social constructs and forms of government.
c) Organic societal communities will reach equilibrium in time if left unfettered, (Chaos Social Theory)
d) Men are born equal only under the eyes of the law and God, neither society nor governments can create equality – men are not born equal in terms of ambition, ability nor aptitude.
I. Only three natural rights exist (life, liberty and property), men are not born equal in terms of ambition, ability or aptitude, therefore, government attempts to enforce artificial equality trample the natural rights of others.
II. Mankind has flourished over millennia via diverse cultures, organic societal communities will reach equilibrium in time if left unfettered, therefore, the best government is that at the local level, left relatively unmolested and unregulated by centralized governments on most matters.
Inferences, Deductions and Syllogisms
11. The God of the Bible is most likely the true God
- Aligns best with the Natural Moral law
- Historical evidence in support of Biblical narrative
- Provable accuracy and authenticity of the Biblical text
I. There is a God that created the universe (3 a.-d.), Christianity presents a system supported by evidence that aligns with natural law and is supported by reason, therefore, the God of the Bible and Christianity must be true.
II. The God of Christianity is God and the Creator of the Universe, the text of the Bible is provably accurate and authentic and states it is the word of God, therefore, the Bible must be an accurate testimony of God's word.